Located in the northern region of Vietnam, Haiphong is a significant coastal city and a major industrial center. The city has a rich history dating back to the early centuries of Vietnamese civilization. Haiphong has witnessed the ups and downs of Vietnamese history, including periods of Chinese and French colonial rule, the Vietnam War, and the subsequent economic boom. This article will explore the history of Haiphong and highlight some of its most significant sites and landmarks. Additionally, an interactive Google map will be included to provide a visual representation of the city’s historic development.

interactive Google Map with specific sites and historic views of the city from French colonial times

Early History

The earliest settlements in the Haiphong region date back to the third century BCE, during the time of the Au Lac kingdom. The region was also an important center for maritime trade with neighboring countries such as China, Japan, and Korea. In the 11th century, Haiphong was part of the Ly dynasty’s territory, and the city was named “Do Trinh” at the time. In the 15th century, Haiphong became part of the Le dynasty’s territory, and the city’s name was changed to “An Bang.”

Chinese and French Colonial Rule

Haiphong came under Chinese rule in the 15th century and remained under their control until the 19th century when the French colonized Vietnam. The French established Haiphong as an important port city, which led to its rapid development. The city was designed to resemble a French town, with wide streets and well-planned urban infrastructure. During the colonial period, Haiphong became the center of French economic activities in the north of Vietnam.

Vietnam War

During the Vietnam War, Haiphong was an important site for the transportation of military equipment and supplies. The United States launched a massive bombing campaign against the city, which led to significant destruction. Despite the bombings, Haiphong continued to grow and develop during the post-war period. The city became a major industrial center, with significant investments made in infrastructure and industry.

Recent Development

In recent years, Haiphong has experienced rapid economic development, becoming a hub for foreign investment and trade. The city has implemented several initiatives to attract investors, including the construction of new industrial zones and the expansion of its transportation network. Haiphong is now a significant center for the production of textiles, electronics, and automobile parts. The city has also seen a significant increase in tourism, with many visitors coming to explore its historic sites and scenic attractions.

Historic Sites and Landmarks

Haiphong is home to several historic sites and landmarks that offer a glimpse into its rich history. The Du Hang Pagoda, located in the city’s old quarter, dates back to the 17th century and is one of the city’s most important religious sites. The Opera House, built in the early 20th century, is an excellent example of French colonial architecture. The Haiphong Museum is another must-visit site, providing a comprehensive overview of the city’s history and culture. Other notable sites include the Municipal Theater, the Bao Dai Villa, and the Hai Phong Cathedral.

Interactive Google Map

To provide a visual representation of the city’s historic development, an interactive Google Map has been created. The map includes several sites and landmarks discussed in this article, as well as historic views of the city from French colonial times. Users can explore the map by zooming in and out, clicking on specific sites for additional information, and toggling between different map views.


Haiphong is a city with a rich history and cultural heritage that has endured the challenges of time. The city has witnessed significant developments, including periods of Chinese and French colonial rule, the Vietnam War, and subsequent economic growth. Despite its tumultuous past, Haiphong has emerged as a significant industrial and tourism hub in Vietnam, attracting visitors from all over the world. Its historic sites and landmarks, along with its scenic attractions, make it a must-visit destination for anyone traveling to Vietnam.

As Haiphong continues to develop and grow, it is important to preserve its cultural heritage and historic sites. The city has taken steps to protect its historic buildings and monuments, and there are ongoing efforts to promote sustainable tourism and responsible development. By doing so, Haiphong can continue to be a vibrant and thriving city while also honoring its past and preserving its unique character.

In conclusion, the history of Haiphong is a testament to the resilience and strength of the Vietnamese people. From its early beginnings as a trading hub to its current status as a modern industrial and tourism center, Haiphong has undergone significant changes over the years. Through it all, however, the city has remained a vital and important part of Vietnamese culture and history. The interactive Google Map provided in this article is an excellent resource for anyone looking to explore Haiphong’s rich history and heritage.



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